August 21, 2020
People are living longer
Life expectancy in Australia has improved dramatically in the last century. Compared with the figures in 1881–1890, people these days can expect to live around 34 years longer.
Life Expectancy Beyond 65¹
Men aged 65 could expect to live another 19.9 years (an expected age at death of 84.9 years), and women aged 65 could expect to live another 22.6 years (an expected age at death of 87.6 years).
The greatest fear is running out of money
Despite having one of the best pension systems in the world, Australian retirees are more worried than ever. Recent study³ indicates that 53% of older Australians are worrying that their savings are not going to last in retirement.
Women (59%) tend to be more worried than men (47%), with divorced women (67%) being amongst the most worried.
An earlier study⁴ also indicates that 61% of people fear running out of money in retirement more than they fear death.
Australian retirees respond to this fear with frugal living. More than half of Australian retirees are spending less than the Age Pension each year.⁵
Retirees feel the pain of investment loss more than others
Research⁶ suggests people express a different degree of emotion towards gains than towards losses. Individuals are more stressed by prospective losses than they are happy from equal gains. When an investment is behaving as we expect, we are pleased, but our satisfaction can be measured as a slow, gentle, upward curve. However, when an investment is not performing well, our dissatisfaction falls sharply and quickly.
Further studies⁷ suggest that individuals feel the pain of a loss 2 times as much as they feel the joy of a gain. However, retirees feel the pain of a loss 10 time as much as they feel the joy of a gain.
Planning is important
Retirement could be a positive thing, giving you freedom from working and the time to enjoy life. However, this could also create problems for your finances, when your time in retirement stretches into several decades.
One way of dealing with this is worrying about how long your capital will last you in retirement and feel the pain each time your investments drop in value. Another way is to have a plan that can provide financial security throughout the retirement. It is important to understand how long your savings need to last in retirement, and many factors can affect that, including how you invest your money. Understanding how money can work to your advantage will help you to plan accordingly and ensure you don’t run out of money later in life.
¹ Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2017. Life expectancy and disability in Australia: expected years living with and without disability. Cat. no. DIS 66. Canberra: AIHW and Allianz Australia Life Insurance Limited.
² Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2019 and Challenger Limited.
³ National Seniors Australia – Retirement income worry: Who worries and why? (January 2020).
⁴ Allianz Life – Reclaiming the Future Study (2010).
⁵ Milliman – Retirement Expectations and Spending Profiles (2018).
⁶ Kahneman, D., Tversky, A. (2000). Choices, values, and frames. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
⁷ AARP and the American Council of Life Insurers – How Retirees Manage Money to Make it Last Through Retirement (2007).